22 Amazing Things You Don’t Know About Estonia

Ahhhh Estonia. I totally ended up here by accident. One night we’re having drinks in Helsinki at the NBE Finland farewell party, the next morning I’m with a group of friends on the ferry from Helsinki to Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. Best decision ever! There are so many things you don’t know about Estonia. Plus it turns out that Tallinn is one of the most amazing cities I have ever visited.

Up top on the deck of the Tallink ferry from Helsinki to Tallinn
Up top on the deck of the Tallink ferry from Helsinki to Tallinn

So there I was, 10am on a Saturday morning on a cruise ship-sized ferry crossing the Baltic Sea. Apparently it did not take much convincing to get me to stowaway aboard. “Hey Derek, want to visit a new country?” “Sure!” Did I mention that I was preciously carrying a kilo of Åland Islands cheese like it was my baby? Never mind, not important yet.

After a surprisingly fast two hour ferry ride we stepped foot upon Estonian soil without so much as a single immigration officer or security check. Gotta love traveling the Schengen countries. 🙂 And here is where the learning begins!

Welcome to Estonia, the gateway to your next adventure
The gateway to my next adventure, eh? Bring it on Estonia! I like adventures 😀

22 Things You Don’t Know About Estonia

22 amazing things that you don't know about Estonia #interesting #travel #history #Tallinn #Estonia #traveltips

1)   The entire Old Town dates back to the 13th century and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.   The buildings, walkways and scenic views within are protected by law, ensuring that historical authenticity is maintained and the skyline preserved. Nothing can be built higher than the 124 metre tall (407 feet) St. Olaf’s Church.

The beautiful Tallinn skyline as seen from the Patkuli Viewing Platform
View of Tallinn from the Patkuli Viewing Platform

2)   Tallinn was nearly bombed into oblivion by the Russians during World War II.   In the far northeastern corner of Estonia lies the border town of Narva, gateway to Russia. In 1944 Russian airplanes destroyed the entire city as part of their invasion of Estonia. 98% of the city and buildings were leveled to the ground — and the same fate was in store for Tallinn. Thankfully the Russian air fleet was distracted by Finland and decided to bomb Helsinki instead. That is the only reason that Tallinn exists today as you see it here:

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Tallinn, Estonia
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral

3)   Estonia has only been a country for a quarter of a century.   The region has long been fought over by Denmark, Sweden and Russia. Their constitution was originally signed in 1918, and Estonians did enjoy a brief period of independence between World War I and World Word II. However it was not until 1991 that Estonia finally re-gained their independence, this time for good. While this might not sound like much to you or me, but Estonians are quite proud. Cheers to 25 more years!

Flags over Estonia

4)   Yet it was the first country begin voting online.   Take that all you old school governments stuck in the past!

5)   And the birthplace of Skype. (And Hotmail. And Kazaa.)   Estonians are also quite honored that a group of their technicians were pivotal to the creation of Skype. To this day a large number of Skype’s employees are still based in Tallinn. Some even like to joke that the blue in the flag is to symbolize Skype 😉

Skype was founded here in Tallinn -- just one of many different things you don't know about Estonia
Skype headquarters via viiphoto

6)   And the real birthplace of Christmas tree decorating.   For as long as there have been decorated Christmas trees there have been Estonians and Latvians arguing over who first came up with the concept. Don’t tell any of my Latvian friends but I am going to have to side with Estonia on this one.

Sunset over the Christmas tree in the Old Town Square of Tallinn, Estonia
Sunset over the Christmas tree in the Old Town Square of Tallinn

7)   People here are great at wife carrying.   Remember my last post on Finland where we played the less-funny-than-expected game of WTF: What The….Finland? and I talked about the Wife Carrying World Championships? (Take a minute to check it out, I’ll wait.) Well, it turns out that Estonian couples have a habit of winning this Finnish competition, including an impressive 11-year streak from 1998-2008. There is even a technique called the “Estonian Carry.” (It is not the one pictured below.)

The Wife Carrying World Championships in Finland
The Wife Carrying World Championships are in Finland, but Estonians are the best.

8)   Estonia is mostly female.   If you like blonde-haired blue-eyed women, visit Estonia. For every 100 women here there are only 84 men!

Estonia is home to Turbliss peat cosmetics
Meet Sirli, head of research and product development at Turbliss

9)   And #1 at producing peat cosmetics   We went to Turbliss headquarters and created our own custom cosmetic mixtures, even received peat facial masks. The entire experience was so much fun that we shot a video on it 😀

Bet you did not know that Estonia is the #1 peat cosmetic producer in the world -- and the home of Turbliss
Surprised there are more men here than women? Me too.

10)   And #1 at producing supermodels   Believe it or not, Estonia is the top nation per capita for the number of fashion models.

Bet you did not know that Estonia is the #1 fashion model producer in the world
Models like Carmen Kass, Elisabeth Erm and Karmen Pedaru, just to name a few

Ready to visit Estonia yet, or do you need more reasons?

11)   Estonian folk tales, myths and legends are wildly entertaining.   From stories of throwing dead cats into wells to bless the water, national heroes who talk to hedgehogs and of course the almighty fable of the man who sneezed himself to death 😂 you simply cannot make this stuff up. Stay awesome, Estonia!

12)   Craft beer is EVERYWHERE.   Less than a decade ago you would have been lucky to find more than two different types of beer at a restaurant or bar in Estonia. However the beer revolution has been underway for the last few years and new craft brewers are constantly popping up, turning their home-brewing hobby into a full-fledged business. Thanks to this ever-increasing number of craft breweries, more new brews hitting the Estonian market every month, as are restaurants that do their own brewing. Because of the cheap cost of alcohol in Estonia compared to its Scandinavian neighbors, people flock here simply for the beer. Now that’s a winning tourism strategy!

Craft beer can be found at every bar and restaurant in Tallinn and it is surprisingly inexpensive -- bet that is something that you don't know about Estonia
Every restaurant, every bar had craft beer — some even brew it themselves! Cheers to Felipe (Fotostrasse) and Evo (The Opportunistic Travelers)

13)   Saying “cheers” in Estonian — terviseks — either sounds like “terrible sex” or “there will be sex”   depending upon how you pronounce it. One I’m happy to cheers to but the other….well, the other is just rough.

14)   It is illegal to be out after dark in Estonia without wearing a reflective badge.   Apparently people in Estonia have a habit of, ummm, being hit by moving vehicles at night. In the Old Town this is a result of narrow roads and drunk folks, but in the countryside of Estonia this is due to the absence of streetlights. As a result, legally you are obligated to wear a reflector at night. (If you get stopped by police without one as a foreigner, most likely this will result in a warning and the gift of a new reflector….but you may be fined €20.) As a result these reflectors have become a customized fashion accessory like any other. Unfortunately the ones we were given were rather bland.

Wearing a reflective badge at night is mandatory by law -- just one of many different things you don't know about Estonia
Compliments of Visit Estonia

15)   Religion is not popular here.   Despite the numerous historic churches and cathedrals visible in the Tallinn skyline, only 16% of the population describe themselves as religious according to a Gallup poll — other sources put that number even lower. Estonia is definitely one of the least religious countries in the world, if not the least.

The Tallinn Old Town skyline is breathtaking -- and a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Tallinn Old Town skyline is breathtaking

16)   Neither are cities.   Given that Estonia’s population is only 1.3 million and that a half million live in Tallinn, there is not much else out there except forests, fields and villages. The major Estonia-Russia border town of Narva — yes, the same Narva that was wiped off the face of the earth in 1944 thanks to Russian bombs (see #2) — has sprung back to life with a population of 58,000. And the 6th biggest city in Estonia has a whopping population of 17,000. Beyond that it is all small towns, the smallest of which (that I could find) is home to just 60 people.

17)   The world’s slowest escalators are in Estonia.   Know how sometimes it is faster to take the stairs than the escalator? Well in Estonia it is always faster to take the stairs. Don’t know why, but their escalators creep at a snail’s pace.

Elevators in Estonia are the slowest in the world -- just one of the many things you don't know about Estonia
See that blonde girl on the right? After taking this photo I walked up the stairs at a normal pace and beat her to the top — that’s how slow the escalators in Estonia are.

18)   Space food was developed in Estonia.   Originally sealed in airtight tin-packaging, space food began at a factory in Põltsamaa in 1962. The food and packaging was produced specifically for the emerging space travel market.

19)   Estonia is one of Europe‘s top three greenest countries.   Over 50% of its land is covered in forest and although logging is big industry here, people like to say that it is “controlled” (whatever that means). Only Sweden and Finland have a higher percentage of surface forest coverage.

Walking down a path through the forest on Aegna Island, off the coast of Tallinn, Estonia
Walking through the forest on Aegna Island off the coast of Tallinn

20)   People in Estonia are not very touchy-feely.   In many European countries hugs and/or kisses are obligatory pleasantries, but much like their Scandinavian neighbors to the north, Estonia people are quite reserved. They very much like their personal space. In the words of my Estonian host, “Maybe after the third meeting it is okay to give a slight tap on the shoulder or a light hug.”

21)   Here you can drink in a 15th century pub.   Located in Old Town Square right next to St. Olaf’s is a pub and inn that has been serving weary travelers since the 1400’s. Although it no longer operates as an inn, you can still come here for some authentic period brew and snacks. But be warned: the ladies working here act like they are in the 1400’s and don’t take no shit. Truly a place that has to be seen to be believed.

Drinking at a 15th century pub is one of the unique things to do in Tallinn -- bet you didn't know that about Estonia!
Drinking at a 15th century pub is one of the unique things to do in Tallinn — bet you didn’t know that about Estonia!

22)   Estonians invented their own sport.   As a kid, remember swinging as high as possible on the swings, to that point where the chains loosen and you just hang there for a split second until gravity takes back over and sends you swinging down again? Remember wishing you could swing all the way around in a full 360°? Well that my friends is now known as a sport calling kiiking and we have Estonia to thank for that. Using a metal frame instead of flimsy chain links they reinforced the traditional swing-set design and made it so much cooler!


23)   Estonia’s nickname is Mary’s Land.   It dates back to 1215 when Pope Innocent III dedicated the land to the Virgin Mary.

24)   Estonia has the highest adult literacy rate in the world.   They are tied for first with their neighbor, Latvia, and Cuba, believe it or not.

Estonia has the highest adult literacy rate in the world -- just one of the many things you don't know about Estonia
See the full list on NationMaster

startingpoint anita

Which of these is your favorite? Did I forget anything cool?

Feeling smarter yet? Wait, there’s more! 20 Things You Don’t Know About Finland 10 Things You Don’t Know About Sri Lanka
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About Derek Freal

"Some people eat, others try therapy. I travel."   Cultural enthusiast. Adrenaline junkie. Eater of strange foods. Chasing unique and offbeat adventures around the world since 2008. Derek loves going to new destinations where he does not speak a word of the local language and must communicate with hand gestures, or places where he is forced to squat awkwardly to poo -- supposedly its healthier and more efficient. For more information (about Derek, not squat pooing) including popular posts and videos, check out his bio.

13 thoughts on “22 Amazing Things You Don’t Know About Estonia”

  1. It’s really offensive to Estonians when writers get their facts wrong regarding Estonia’s independence. We first achieved independence in 1918 and it lasted 22 years before our country was invaded and occupied by the Soviet Union. Independence was RESTORED in 1991.

    • Thanks Leena, will make the correction to the text above. Guess that’s what I get for trusting my facts from a local instead of double-checking them online 😉 Either way, glad that y’all are once again independent. You’ve got something great going on here and we’re not going to let Trump or Putin f’ it up. Cheers! Oop I mean terviseks!

  2. ‘Nice one Derek!

    Yep! Estonia was so cool that we went there twice within a single week! We spent 3 days in Tallinn, skipped off to Helsinki for 2 days, and then spent another 3 days in Tallinn again. Oh, and we stayed in the grandest, oldest hotel in the country. The grandest!

    I really loved all it’s gothic history & Danish castles. In fact, no other city in the Baltic region can offer 15th and 16th century towers and walls, as well as the oldest Gothic Town Hall in all of Northern Europe which is awfully amazing too!

    • Oooohhhhh have not heard of this grand old place you speak of Victoria. But then again I knew literally *nothing* about Tallinn before disembarking from the ferry and seeing the “gateway to your next adventure” sign — and even now, well I only know 22 (wait, 23!) things about Tallinn. Stayed at The Three Sisters Hotel in the old town. Seemed pretty grand at the time but now you have me questioning whether or not it was really the “grandest” 😉

      Yes, definitely agree, Tallinn is amazing and nowhere else in the Baltic region even comes close! Any plans to return for a third round? 😉

      • Absolutely! Probably to “recover” from the prices of Finland. While we were there I discovered that sushi was the cheapest thing going and wrote about it on my blog & on Twitter. Visit Helsinki were not too pleased. Ooops!

        p.s. The hotel was called Hotel St. Petersbourg. It’s 165 years old and has been opened unfailingly, since 1850, and is the first 5-star hotel in the whole country! In fact, it was so comfy that son has been complaining about the “standards” of hotels ever since. If there’s no furry rug or soft plunging sofa in the suite, he’s not a happy bunny!

  3. Number 20 is interesting, kinda like Asian instead of European. When I was in the Netherlands, 3 kisses on the cheek are common for their greeting and they said kusje, or a little kiss..

    In Singapore, I always thinking twice to shake my client’s hand, or after having an interview because hand shake also not really common here, and I remember, I had a belly dancer teacher.. Though from Middle East but grew up in Singapore, she always cleaned her palm using hand sanitizer after she had physical contact like hand shake with her students.. ???????? I guess, they become not very touchy feely because of higienic reason, I guess SARS issues etc in the past make them more reserved .. I guess.

    • Yeah, it’s very interesting how much the appropriate level of physical contact varies from country to country and continent to continent. And yes, like you mentioned when dealing with international clients it always makes you think twice about what is culturally appropriate for the given situation.

      Oh travel. You never stop learning. Unless you are doing it wrong.

      • Depends, a lot people travel but they never learn.. I saw many of friends like this. They travel but they never learn, they just do selfies, theme park.. Mall. & starbuck .. And all the goal is just showing off on social media platforms.

        If I’m not wrong we discuss this long time ago, when I said why people said you don’t need to go to Halong Bay because Indonesia have similar spot like that in Papua, Grand Canyon in the USA we have similar like that in West Sumatra .. And it’s not about the scenery, .. It’s about the experience .. We will learn different thing different place, it’s not about spot for selfies..


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